The following is Newell Miller’s Civil War record and the history of his regiment, The 2nd Cavalry Regiment, Michigan:
Newell enlisted with the Union as a Private on September 9, 1861 in Danville, Michigan at the age of nineteen. The following month he enlisted with the 2nd Cavalry Regiment, Company B Michigan on October 2, 1861 at Grand Rapids. He was promoted to full corporal on January 6, 1864 and promoted to full sergeant on June 13, 1865. He mustered out of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment at Macon, Georgia on August 17, 1865.
The 2nd Cavalry Regiment
The field, staff and line officers at organization were as follows:
Lieutenant Colonel, William C. Davis, Detroit. Majors, Robert H. G. Minty, Detroit; Selden H. Gorham, Marshall; Charles P. Babcock, Grand Rapids. Surgeon, Charles S. Henderson, Grand Rapids. Assistant Surgeon, William Brownell, Utica. Adjutant, Peter S. Schuyler, Grand Rapids. Battalion Adjutants, Alphonzo E. Gordon, Grand Rapids; Peter A. Weber, Grand Rapids; George Lee, Grand Rapids. Quartermaster, Frank E. Walbridge, Kalamazoo. Battalion Quartermasters, James P. Scott, Grand Haven; Seymour Brownell, Utica; John A. Brooks, Newaygo. Chaplain, Francis Drew, Grand Rapids:
Company B officers were Captain Henry A. Shaw, First Lieutenant Philo W. Rogers, and Second Lieutenant Marshal J. Dickinson.
The regiment left Grand Rapids Nov. 14, 1861, for St. Louis, Mo., and its service during the war was in the western department.
The Second went into the field under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Davis and when it arrived at St. Louis Captain Gordon Granger of the U. S. A. was commissioned Colonel of the regiment, Sept. 2, 1861, and received from him thorough instructions for its duties when meeting the enemy, mounted or dismounted, and the Captain being a strict disciplinarian the regiment was soon splendidly organized. Captain Granger rose to be a Major General before the close of the war.
The Second was assigned to the army under General Pope, then operating against Island No. 10, and here saw its first real service. After the capture of Island No. 10 the Second took part in the siege of Corinth and was actively engaged in scouting and skirmishing.
Colonel Granger was promoted to Brigadier General March 26, 1862, which left the regiment without a Colonel while it was at Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. Governor Blair of Michigan was present at that time and selected Captain Phil H. Sheridan, U. S. A., to command the regiment and he was commissioned Colonel May 25, 1862.
Captain Sheridan rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and the Second Cavalry has the distinction of being commanded by the two distinguished officers above named. Under command of Colonel Sheridan the Second participated in the spirited action at Boonville, Miss., one of the most brilliant minor engagements of the war. It was this engagement, so largely brought to a victorious conclusion by the gallantry of the Second, that gave Captain Sheridan his promotion as Brigadier General and placed him on the road to further honors and promotions. Colonel A. P. Campbell was commissioned July 1, 1862, to fill the vacancy caused by the promotion of Colonel Sheridan.
The Second was a part of General Buell's army when the move was made upon Perryville, Ky., in Oct., 1862, and achieved an enviable reputation in its stubborn fight with the enemy, driving him in confusion from the field.
In December, 1862 and January, 1863, the Second was in East Tennessee, doing an immense amount of damage to the enemy's railroads and meeting the confederates on the field on numerous occasions. The following month the regiment returned to Nashville and had several severe skirmishes with the confederates under Forest and Vandorn.
May 5th it participated in the severe engagement of Thompson's Station, Tenn. where, with the balance of the Union troops, it was driven from the field by superior numbers and only escaped capture by the most heroic efforts.
During the next six months the regiment was constantly on the move, marching and skirmishing with the enemy, and frequently had sharp encounters with Forest's Cavalry.
In September the Second was engaged the 18th, 19th and 20th at Chickamauga and performed most valuable service in holding the enemy's advance and scouting the country, giving important information to the Union Commanders.
After Chickamauga, the Second pursued General Wheeler, who was making a raid on our communications in the rear of the army, and did most excellent service in thwarting the designs of the confederate General.
Again in November the Second proceeded to East Tennessee and after a series of hard marches, met the enemy in a severe engagement at Dandridge.
During the winter the regiment was constantly in the saddle, marching long distances with most inadequate supplies of rations and clothing. The hardships and suffering of the troops during the East Tennessee campaign had no parallel in the history of the war.
The weather was cold, the snow often falling so as to cover the blankets of the men, who slept in the open air for want of tents. The only rations or forage issued was secured from the country by the soldiers themselves, the clothing had become worn by long use and did not serve to protect the troops from the chilling rains and cutting winds, the horses were unfed and unshod and the general suffering of men and horses during the winter is one of painful contemplation. Even under these most disheartening and discouraging circumstances on the 29th of March, 1864, three hundred and twenty-six members of the regiment re-enlisted for "three years or during the war" and returned to Michigan on a veteran furlough for 30 days.
On the 3d of May the regiment (except those on veteran furlough) entered upon the Georgia campaign with General Sherman's army. It saw active duty nearly every day as well as nights during this campaign until it reached Lost Mountain, when, on the 29th of June, it was sent to Franklin, Tenn., and was there joined by the veterans who had returned from Michigan.
It soon started after its old enemy, General Wheeler, and was constantly in the saddle looking after the confederate forces under General Forest and came in contact with them several times, pursuing him until he retired too far south to follow.
When the confederate General Hood marched north, the Second confronted his forces and retarded his march and destroyed many of his wagons and captured his guns and baggage. During the year the Second marched through Tennessee, Alabama, Kentucky and Georgia, sustaining losses, but inflicting much greater upon the enemy.
No brief history can do justice to a cavalry regiment that frequently operates by itself in the enemy's country far from its supports or base of supplies and when the good judgment of its of officers must determine whether to attack or retreat and when the responsibilities of the safety or destruction of the organization rests with the immediate officers in command.
To write the history of a cavalry regiment often separated by companies for important duties, needs a daily bulletin far beyond the limits of casual mention and beyond the limits of an abridged article as necessity requires in this case.
After the battle of Nashville the Second again started south, marching through Alabama and then turning east reached Macon, Ga., May 1, 1865. The war having practically ended, the regiment was broken up into companies to guard a number of towns and preserve order, the headquarters of the regiment remaining at Macon until Aug. 17, when it was mustered out of service and returned to Jackson, Mich., where it was paid and disbanded, Aug. 26, 1865.
During its service it had engaged the enemy at Point Pleasant, Mo., March 9, 1862; Tiptonville, Mo., March, 1862; New Madrid, Mo., March 13 1862; Island No. 10, Mo., March 14 to April 7, 1862; Pine Hill, Miss., May 2, 1862; Monterey, Miss., May 3, 1862; Farmington, Miss., May 5, 1862; siege of Corinth, Miss., May 10 to 30, 1862; Boonville, Miss., June 1, 1862; Blackland, Miss., June 5, 1862; Baldwin, Miss., June -, 1862; Boonville, Miss., July 1, 1862; Rienzie, Miss., Aug. -, 1862; Perryville, Ky., Oct. 8, 1862; Harodsburg, Ky., Oct. 10, 1862; Lancaster, Ky., Oct. 12, 1862; Rocastle river, Ky., Oct.-, 1862; Estillville, Va, 1862; Blountsville, Tenn., 1862; Zolikoffer, Tenn., 1862; Wautanaga, Tenn., 1862; Jonesville, Va., 1862; Bacon Creek, Ky., Dec. 24, 1862; Glasgow, Ky., Dec. - , 1862; Milton, Tenn., Feb. 18, 1863; Cainesville, Tenn., Feb. 19, 1863; Spring Hill, Tenn., Feb. 29, 1863; Columbia, Tenn., March 4 and 5, 1863; Hillsboro, Tenn., March 12, 1863; Brontwood, Tenn., March 25, 1863; McGarvick's Ford, Tenn., April, 1863; Triune, Tenn., June 4, 1863, Rover, Tenn., June 23, 1863; Middletown, Tenn., June 24, 1863, Shelbyville, Tenn., June 27, 1863; Elk River Ford, Tenn., July 2, 1863; Dechard, Tenn., July 4, 1863; Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 18, 19 and 20, 1863; Anderson X Roads, Tenn., Oct., 1863; Sparta, Tenn., Dec., 1863; Dandridge, Tenn., Dec. 24, 1863; Mossy Creek, Tenn., Dec. 29, 1863; Dandridge, Tenn., Jan. 17, 1864; Pigeon River, Tenn., Jan. 27, 1864; Dug Gap, Ga., May 13 and 14, 1864; Red Clay, Ga., May, 1864; Etowah River, Ga., May 24, 26, 27 and 28, 1864; Ackworth, Tenn., June 2 and 5, 1864; Nashville, Tenn., Aug. 30, 1864; Campbellsville, Tenn., Sept. 5, 1864; Franklin, Tenn., Sept. 27, 1864; Cypress River, Tenn., Oct. 7, 1864; Raccoon Ford, Tenn., Oct. 30, 1864; Shoal Creek, Tenn., Nov. 5, 1864; Lawrenceburg, Tenn., Nov. 21, 1864; Campbellsville, Tenn., Nov. 24, 1864; Columbia, Tenn., Nov. 25, 26 and 27, 1864; Spring Hill, Tenn., Nov. 29, 1864; Bethesda Church, Tenn., Nov. 29, 1864; Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 1864; Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 15 and 16, 1864; Richland Creek, Tenn., Dec. 24, 1864; Pulaski, Tenn., Dec. 25, 1864; Sugar Creek, Tenn., Dec. 26, 1864; Priceton Yard, Tenn., Jan. 6, 1865; Corinth, Miss., Feb., 1865; Tuscaloosa, Ala., April 1, 1865; Trion, Ala., April 2, 1865; Bridgeville, Ala., April 6, 1865; Talladaga, Ala., April 23, 1865.
Total number enrolled......................................2139
Killed in action.............................................39
Died of wounds...............................................26
Died in confederate prisons..................................12
Died of disease.............................................217
Discharged for disability (wounds and disease)..............328
Fought on 18 Feb 1862 at Hamburg, TN.
Fought on 3 Mar 1862 at New Madrid, MO.
Fought on 7 Mar 1862 at Point Pleasant, MO.
Fought on 6 Apr 1862 at Shiloh, TN.
Fought on 15 May 1862 at Hamburg, TN.
Fought on 4 Jun 1862 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 4 Jun 1862 at Blackland, MS.
Fought on 1 Jul 1862 at Boonville, MS.
Fought on 2 Jul 1862 at Rienzi, MS.
Fought on 18 Jul 1862.
Fought on 17 Sep 1862 at Corinth, MS.
Fought on 19 Sep 1862.
Fought on 27 Sep 1862 at Near Carters Creek TN.
Fought on 30 Sep 1862.
Fought on 30 Sep 1862 at Louisville, KY.
Fought on 8 Oct 1862 at Perryville, KY.
Fought on 9 Oct 1862.
Fought on 25 Oct 1862.
Fought on 12 Dec 1862.
Fought on 15 Dec 1862 at Carter's Station, TN.
Fought on 24 Dec 1862 at Glasgow, KY.
Fought on 25 Dec 1862 at Winchester, TN.
Fought on 26 Dec 1862 at Bacon Creek, KY.
Fought on 26 Dec 1862.
Fought on 30 Dec 1862 at Carter's Station, TN.
Fought on 30 Dec 1862 at Blountsville, TN.
Fought on 31 Dec 1862 at Loudon, TN.
Fought on 31 Dec 1862 at Blountsville, KY.
Fought on 1 Mar 1863.
Fought on 4 Mar 1863 at Thompson's Station, TN.
Fought on 5 Mar 1863 at Thompson's Station, TN.
Fought on 15 Mar 1863.
Fought on 18 Mar 1863.
Fought on 25 Mar 1863 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 25 Mar 1863 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 25 Mar 1863.
Fought on 25 Mar 1863 at Brentwood, TN.
Fought on 5 Apr 1863.
Fought on 2 May 1863 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 4 Jun 1863 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 7 Jun 1863.
Fought on 10 Jun 1863.
Fought on 11 Jun 1863 at Triune, TN.
Fought on 27 Jun 1863 at Shelbyville, TN.
Fought on 2 Jul 1863 at Tullahoma, TN.
Fought on 19 Jul 1863 at Dandridge, TN.
Fought on 19 Aug 1863 at Stevenson, AL.
Fought on 5 Sep 1863 at Lafayette, GA.
Fought on 8 Sep 1863 at Mills Valley, GA.
Fought on 8 Sep 1863 at Valley Head GA.
Fought on 20 Sep 1863 at Crawfish Springs, GA.
Fought on 20 Sep 1863 at Crawfish Ferry.
Fought on 20 Sep 1863 at Chickamauga, GA.
Fought on 25 Sep 1863 at Harrison, TN.
Fought on 25 Sep 1863 at Dallas Ford, TN.
Fought on 10 Oct 1863.
Fought on 7 Nov 1863 at Shoal Creek, AL.
Fought on 29 Nov 1863 at Near Sparta, TN.
Fought on 15 Dec 1863 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 20 Dec 1863 at Bacon Creek, KY.
Fought on 24 Dec 1863 at Glasgow, KY.
Fought on 24 Dec 1863 at Dandridge, TN.
Fought on 27 Dec 1863 at Dandridge, TN.
Fought on 29 Dec 1863 at New Market, TN.
Fought on 29 Dec 1863 at Mossy Creek, TN.
Fought on 10 Jan 1864.
Fought on 15 Jan 1864.
Fought on 27 Jan 1864 at Pigeon River, TN.
Fought on 27 Jan 1864 at Fair Garden, TN.
Fought on 27 Jan 1864.
Fought on 28 Jan 1864 at Bainbridge, TN.
Fought on 5 Feb 1864 at Knoxville, TN.
Fought on 5 Feb 1864.
Fought on 24 Mar 1864 at Madisonville, TN.
Fought on 1 Apr 1864.
Fought on 2 Apr 1864 at Cleveland, TN.
Fought on 12 Apr 1864.
Fought on 3 May 1864 at Cleveland, TN.
Fought on 3 May 1864.
Fought on 14 May 1864 at Resaca, GA.
Fought on 14 May 1864 at Near Cleveland, TN.
Fought on 15 May 1864 at Tilton, GA.
Fought on 15 May 1864.
Fought on 19 May 1864 at Cassville, GA.
Fought on 24 May 1864 at Burnt Hickory, GA.
Fought on 24 May 1864.
Fought on 26 May 1864 at Acworth, GA.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at In Action At Ackworth, GA.
Fought on 30 May 1864 at Burnt Church, GA.
Fought on 15 Jun 1864 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 15 Jun 1864.
Fought on 28 Jun 1864 at Powder Springs, GA.
Fought on 30 Jun 1864 at Carter's Creek, TN.
Fought on 15 Jul 1864.
Fought on 18 Jul 1864 at McCook Raid.
Fought on 20 Jul 1864.
Fought on 25 Jul 1864 at McCook Raid, Near Macon, GA.
Fought on 28 Jul 1864 at McCook Raid, Near Macon, GA.
Fought on 3 Aug 1864 at Lavergne, TN.
Fought on 1 Sep 1864 at Lavergne, TN.
Fought on 2 Sep 1864 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 17 Sep 1864 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 27 Sep 1864 at Pulaski, TN.
Fought on 28 Sep 1864 at Pulaski, TN.
Fought on 7 Oct 1864 at Cripple Creek, TN.
Fought on 7 Oct 1864.
Fought on 7 Oct 1864 at Martin's Mills, AL.
Fought on 7 Oct 1864 at Florence, AL.
Fought on 14 Oct 1864 at Near Pulaski, TN.
Fought on 15 Oct 1864 at Florence, AL.
Fought on 27 Oct 1864.
Fought on 27 Oct 1864 at Cypress Creek.
Fought on 30 Oct 1864 at Florence, MO.
Fought on 30 Oct 1864 at Shoal Creek, AL.
Fought on 30 Oct 1864 at Florence, AL.
Fought on 3 Nov 1864 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 5 Nov 1864 at Shoal Creek, AL.
Fought on 5 Nov 1864.
Fought on 6 Nov 1864 at Shoal Creek, AL.
Fought on 7 Nov 1864 at Florence, AL.
Fought on 8 Nov 1864 at Shoal Creek, AL.
Fought on 8 Nov 1864 at Florence, AL.
Fought on 15 Nov 1864 at Pulaski, TN.
Fought on 15 Nov 1864.
Fought on 23 Nov 1864 at Pulaski, TN.
Fought on 25 Nov 1864 at Lynnville, TN.
Fought on 28 Nov 1864.
Fought on 29 Nov 1864.
Fought on 29 Nov 1864 at Florence, AL.
Fought on 30 Nov 1864 at Franklin, TN.
Fought on 5 Dec 1864.
Fought on 7 Dec 1864 at Nashville, TN.
Fought on 15 Dec 1864.
Fought on 18 Dec 1864.
Fought on 24 Dec 1864 at Lynnville, TN.
Fought on 24 Dec 1864.
Fought on 26 Dec 1864.
Fought on 15 Jan 1865.
Fought on 25 Mar 1865 at Russellville, TN.
Fought on 1 Apr 1865 at Selma, AL.
Fought on 3 Apr 1865 at Tuscaloosa, AL.
Fought on 3 Apr 1865.
Fought on 4 Apr 1865 at Tuscaloosa, AL.
Fought on 6 Apr 1865 at Pleasant Ridge, AL.
Fought on 17 Apr 1865 at Hamlin's Mills, AL.
Fought on 17 Apr 1865 at Hawkins' Mills, AL.
Fought on 23 Apr 1865 at Oxford, AL.
Fought on 23 Apr 1865 at Clifford, AL.
Fought on 23 Apr 1865.
Fought on 24 Apr 1865.
Fought on 25 Apr 1865 at Oxford, AL
Sources: American Civil War Records @ Ancestry.com; Doyle Davidson-Water of Life Ministries.
|Newell Miller Farm-Marion Township, Newton County Missouri Plat Map Map courtesy of Missouri Digital Heritage|
|Aerial View of location Newell Miller Farm|